Facial skin redness can be a real problem for those with sensitive skin. Redness takes a toll on your complexion and the cause is often difficult to single out. We’ve put together a list of the most common reasons for skin redness, and how you can get rid of it.
What causes facial skin redness?
There are several causes for facial skin redness ranging from genetic skin conditions to product misuse. Below are the most common reasons;
Acne forms when the pores on your face get clogged with dirt, oil, and dead skin cells. When the pores get clogged, the body has a natural inflammatory response to deal with the blockages, this is what causes redness and inflammation around breakouts.
Rosacea is a common chronic skin condition which makes your skin flare up with redness and swelling. Early symptoms include the tendency to flush easily.
Exfoliating your face is an excellent way to slough off the outermost layer of dead skin cells and clear your pores. This minimises the possibility of pores getting clogged as well as brightens your complexion. Exfoliating too often however is a problem; whether this be chemical (AHAs/BHAs) or physical.
Exfoliating too often strips the essential oils your skin needs to function and maintain a healthy barrier. This can lead to skin dryness, redness and inflammation, and even acne from overactive sebaceous glands as a result of the dryness.
Allergic Reactions And Skin Sensitivity
Sensitive skin is more prone to irritation from allergens. You may be having an allergic reaction from anything in your skin care regime from cleanser to serum and moisturiser. Not every product may sit well with your skin; if you’re experiencing redness and irritation from a certain product, best to discontinue use. Common irritants include alcohol, fragrance, and parabens.
Eczema, or Atopic Dermatitis is a condition which causes the skin to be dry, itchy, and sore. This inflammation can cause redness anywhere on the body, including the face. Eczema is often worse in the winter months where skin is naturally drier as a result of the climate.
It is well known that UV rays are damaging to the skin. Not using SPF or excessive sun exposure can cause skin redness and inflammation. We recommend using a minimum of SPF 30+ with broad spectrum protection including UVA & UVB.
How to get rid of facial skin redness
Try salicylic acid
If your skin redness is a result of acne, Salicylic acid might be the hero you need. Salicylic acid is BHA with excellent anti-inflammatory and acne-fighting properties. Salicylic acid works to exfoliate the inside walls of the pores and regulates sebum production, this can help to get rid of acne and prevent it from reappearing. Salicylic acid also works to inhibit the formation of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins; these are the lipids responsible for the inflammatory response. This can minimise redness and inflammation on your face.
Limit exfoliation to a maximum of 2-3 times a week. If your skin redness is a result of over-exfoliation, stop using any serums with AHAs/BHAs as these can cause further irritation and skin dryness. Common irritants include salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and even retinoids.
Switch out your skin care products
If you have sensitive skin, using regular skin care products might be the cause of your facial redness. Try and switch out these products for those tailored for sensitive skin. These formulations are often more gentle and usually contain fewer irritants such as perfume and alcohols.
Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B-3 that has anti-inflammatory properties. Niacinamide can help to reduce the inflammation on your face that causes the redness. Niacinamide also helps to regulate sebum production which can minimise breakouts, and it improves the skin barrier function which can reduce your sensitivity to irritants.
Try aloe vera
Aloe vera has excellent skin soothing properties. Some may find that applying aloe vera cream or gel directly to the face has a satisfying cooling effect and minimises irritation.