What Are LED Face Masks And Can They Benefit Your Skin?

Tech and skincare, by no means a new concept but certainly one that has been gaining traction over the years. There are an increasing number of gadgets you can purchase for your skin, anywhere from facial steamers to LED face masks. But what are these LED face masks, and how can they benefit your skin?

What are LED Face Masks?

While they look like they’ve come out of the set of Phantom of the Opera, they’re nothing to be scared of. As the name suggests, LED face masks are face masks using LED (light-emitting diode) technology to tackle a range of skin concerns. In the past such treatments were only available under the hands of a qualified dermatologist but these days you can purchase an LED face mask for use at home. Note that these at-home masks are significantly less powerful than those available through a dermatologist or any other qualified professional.

These masks use different intensities and colours of light (namely red and blue) to penetrate the skin and manage skin concerns such as acne, inflammation, and even aging.

What are the benefits of using an LED face mask?

LED face masks come with several benefits, and can often be a godsend for those with extremely sensitive skin that won’t agree with most products. Below are just a few benefits of these masks;

  • Reduces inflammation. LED therapy can help reduce redness and inflammation associated with acne and other skin conditions.
  • Can help acne sufferers. The high-intensity blue light used can help to kill the P.Acnes bacteria responsible for acne formation.
  • Anti-Aging. The high intensity red light used in an LED face mask treatment can penetrate deep into the skin layers to boost collagen production. Boosting collagen production can improve skin elasticity and reduce signs of aging.
  • Promotes blood circulation. The light emitted by an LED face mask can help boost blood circulation to facial skin, which will plump the skin and help to transport toxins away.

Are LED Face Masks Safe To Use?

While they look and sound a little intimidating, LED face masks available for at-home use are perfectly safe and effective provided the proper procedures are followed. Eye protection is critical as the light is often high-intensity and can cause ocular damage if not worn during the treatment.

Sounds good, which mask should I purchase?

If you’re looking to have a go yourself, below are a few products we recommend at different price points.

LUX SKIN™ LED Facial Mask

LUX SKIN™ LED Facial Mask

The LUX SKIN™ LED Facial Mask is designed to give you an easy LED Light Facial treatment in the comfort of your own home!

£19.00, get it here

DermaLight™ - The Original #1 LED Mask - Salon & Spa Deal

DERMALIGHT™ LED Mask

“LED Mask with neck piece. Luminate your nighttime routine with seven different color LED lights built into the mask. “

£88.00, get it here

Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare DRx SpectraLite FaceWare Pro

Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare DRx SpectraLite Faceware Pro

“A next-generation, universal-fit full-face model, this innovative device sits comfortably over the entire face while still actively targeting the entire area, using a total of 100 red LED lights (to stimulate the natural production of collagen and elastin to reduce wrinkles, sun spots, sun damage and redness”

£430.00, get it here

To sum it up

LED face masks use different intensities of red and blue lights to tackle skin concerns ranging from acne to skin aging. These masks are perfectly safe for use at home provided the proper procedures are followed which includes adequate eye-protection.

Back Acne: Causes And Treatments

Back acne can be particularly irritating considering the number of surfaces your back is in contact with during the day; beds, chairs, bags and clothing to name a few. If you’re prone to getting back acne and are looking for a resolution, look no further. We’ve summed up the causes for back acne and put together several treatments to get rid of it. But firstly, why does it form?

What are the causes of back acne?

Back acne is no different to acne forming anywhere else on the body and face. Acne forms as a result of clogged pores from excess sebum and dead skin cell build up. The natural inflammatory response is triggered to deal with this blockage, which results in the characteristic swelling and bumps associated with pimples.

While the odd pimple is very normal, recurring breakouts result in the condition known as acne, of which there are mild, moderate and severe categories. Below are some of the most common causes of back acne;

  • Improper cleansing. Not cleansing properly can lead to acne as the dead skin cells and oils accumulate to clog pores. This is especially the case with the back area; most find it difficult to reach certain areas in the shower.
  • Genetics. Genetics can largely dictate how prone you are to getting acne. Overactive sebaceous glands can be inherited which results in oily skin, and therefore acne.
  • Diet. An improper diet can indirectly lead to acne. Examples of foods that can lead to acne include dairy, refined sugars and fast foods which are high in fat.
  • Hormones. Hormones are a significant contributory factor in the development of acne. During puberty and the teenage years acne is most likely to form. For women, acne may be brought about during the menstrual cycle. Medications that alter hormone levels whether indirectly or directly can also cause acne.
  • Stress. High stress levels can indirectly lead to acne. Stress often leads to poor sleep quality and hormone fluctuations; both of these can affect skin quality and lead to acne.

Treatments: How to get rid of back acne

bathtub, cleansing for back acne

Often you can remedy back acne through at-home treatments and by making some simple changes in your habits. Here are a few treatments for back acne:

1. Wear clean clothing

This is especially important during summer months or for those who live in warmer climates. Your t-shirt absorbs sweat during the day and the dead skin cells rub off onto the clothing. By not changing your clothing, you’re letting these contaminants rub on your back which can clog pores and result in pimple formation. Change your tops and undergarments often, daily if you’re particularly prone to sweating.

2. Stay away from tight clothing

Tight clothing during a workout can exacerbate back acne. Tight clothing can lead to chaffing around the back areas, this not only rubs dirt and sweat around these areas but it can also lead to heat rash.

3. Cleanse your back thoroughly

Ensure you’re cleansing your back thoroughly, you’d be surprised at the number of people that skip out on this part. Consider purchasing a shower brush or loofah which can make it easier to reach those difficult areas.

Using a loofah or brush is also a form of exfoliation which is essential to keep skin clear and healthy. By exfoliating the skin you’re effectively sloughing off the outermost layer of dead skin cells, this can reduce the probability of breakouts forming.

4. Use non-comedogenic moisturisers and sun lotions

Using thick, oil-based lotions and moisturisers can lead to back acne. These lotions can directly clog your pores which can cause breakouts. If you’re prone to back acne, stay away from these creams and instead purchase lighter, gel or water-based formulations which are non-comedogenic. You can check out which ingredients are likely to clog pores on a comedogenic scale.

5. Change your sheets regularly

Ensure you change your bed sheets often, particularly important if you sleep without a top at night. While you sleep your skin cells shed and the sweat and oils which are naturally produced at night rub off onto the sheets. By not changing your sheets you’re effectively rubbing around in these contaminants which can cause both back and facial acne.

6. Make some diet changes

As your diet can directly impact acne formation, it’s important that you stay away from certain foods. Try and stay away from foods with a high glycemic index, examples of such foods include white bread, potatoes and white sugar. You should also limit fast food consumption, as well as dairy; both of these food items are linked with increased breakout formation.

Not only should you limit certain food consumption, you should also increase intake of healthy foods such as fruits, lean proteins and vegetables.

To sum it up

Back acne is a condition with various causes and treatments, many at-home remedies are available to treat the condition. If none of these treatments work for you, or your back acne is particularly severe it’s best to visit a dermatologist who can prescribe medications and advice on how to best proceed.

NIP + FAB Salicylic Fix Concentrate Extreme 2%

If you’ve heard of salicylic acid, you’ll know that it is the holy grail of ingredients when it comes to congested, oily or acne-prone skin. This solution by Nip + Fab not only includes salicylic acid which works to reduce pore sizes and clear breakouts, but also a few other key ingredients that can completely transform your complexion. Read on to find out our experience with the product, and a few tips to maximise efficacy.

Nip + Fab Salicylic Fix Concentrate 2%

NIP + FAB PURIFY: SALICYLIC FIX CONCENTRATE

  • NIP+FAB SUPER strength salicylic acid fix booster to say goodbye to blemishes and reveal clean, fresh, purified skin
  • Salicylic acid – visibly reduces the appearance of enlarged pores and oily skin
  • Niacinamide – helps improve the appearance of uneven skin tone
  • Lotus flower extract – supports in the control of oil production

Available on Amazon Marketplace, RRP: £19.99

THE PRODUCT

NIP + FAB Salicylic Fix Concentrate Extreme 2% Solution claims to “visibly reduce the appearance of enlarged pores and oily skin, improve uneven skin tone and support in the control of oil production”. This is achieved through the use of salicylic acid, a BHA you’ve most likely heard of, niacinamide, and lotus flower extracts.

SALICYLIC ACID

Salicylic acid chemical symbol

Salicylic acid works to reduce inflammation, it has non-steroidal anti-inflammatory properties, (or NSAI, something you may have seen on medications such as Ibuprofen). It does this by inhibiting the formation of pro inflammatory prostaglandins1. As a topical agent (applied to the skin), the chemical causes epidermis cells to shed more easily; preventing pores from clogging and promoting cell growth.

Niacinamide

niacinamide chemical symbol

Niacinamide, also referred to as nicotinamide is a form of Vitamin B3. Niacinamide, like salicylic acid, possesses excellent anti-inflammatory and blemish clearing properties. Applying niacinamide to the skin can help regulate sebum production, clearing congestion while also helping to minimise the appearance of your pores.

Lotus flower extracts

The addition of lotus flower in this product can work not only to regulate oil production, but also moisturise and condition the skin due to it’s excellent anti-oxidative properties.

READ BEFORE USING

BHA’s increase skin sensitivity to the sunlight and other environmental effects. Ensure you apply SPF 30+ while in direct contact with the sun, as this will prevent UV rays and pollutants from damaging your skin. In general however we recommend you limit sun exposure when using direct acids on the skin.

If this is your first time using this product, we recommend doing a patch test to ensure compatibility. Apply the product to an inconspicuous area before applying directly to the face.

MY SKIN TYPE

I have combination skin, my T-Zone is significantly oilier than the rest of the face. This often means I suffer from dry or flaky skin around the cheek and mouth area, but also from oily, congested skin around the T-zone. This also means I am prone to getting quite a few blackheads on my nose which are quite unsightly, this coupled with large pores takes a significant toll on my complexion. I currently wash my face twice a day with an oil-free non comedogenic cleanser but the inclusion of this product in my routine was with the aim to mitigate this skin oiliness and reduce pore size.

HOW IT’S HELPED ME

DAY 1

Now I’ve used salicylic acid in the past, but using it again after a while brings back the characteristic ‘burning’ sensation. This really is quite normal and no cause for alarm, this burning usually subsides after a few uses of the product while your skin adjusts to the ingredients. Not much after day 1, the product itself is very lightweight and a lovely pink colour making it very pleasant to use.

DAY 3

My skin looks less congested, still a bit of redness associated with use of this product but it it mostly fine at this point. You should be a little wary if you suffer from sensitive skin however. Skin oiliness looks a little more under control, especially at the end of the day where I’d usually have to use blotting paper to get rid of excess shine.

DAY 7

My pores are visibly reduced, likely due to the reduced sebum production. Niacinamide and salicylic work hand in hand in this formulation to deliver fantastic results. No more redness or skin sensitivity either, I still make sure to apply SPF 30+ when stepping outside though, as should you!

DAY 30

A month of daily use has provided the full scope of benefits I was expecting. Not only have my pores decreased in size, the oiliness is mostly under control and there are little to no blemishes visible. My skin tone looks a lot more even prior to starting this treatment. The benefit of using this product over other similar salicylic acid products is the addition of niacinamide and lotus flower, which really have made all the difference.

I definitely vouch for this product if you suffer from acne or oily, congested skin; it’s an essential in my skincare regime.

GET IT HERE. Directly from the manufacturers website.

REFERENCES:

1 – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salicylic_acid

Are Skincare Products A Waste Of Money?

Considering the increase in the skincare market these past few years you may be beginning to question whether all these products are actually worth your money. The skincare industry is booming, especially in the bespoke and natural product sectors; this naturally means a rise in more expensive brands and labels. But are these skincare products a waste of your money?

First things first, skincare products are not a waste of money

Your facial and body skin requires a certain level of care to remain clear and healthy. This includes cleansing, moisturising and sun protection (the bare minimum steps). While serums, exfoliants and face masks aren’t critical they do have multiple benefits for your skin.

Think about it, you shower often to cleanse your body which washes away dirt, dead skin cells and sweat. The exact same thing applies to your face. Cleansing your facial skin is a critical process through which you wash away any dirt and oils which have the potential to cause breakouts and a dull-complexion. It’s worthwhile to purchase a gentle, effective cleanser that works for your skin type; this is certainly not a waste of your hard earned money.

Moisturising replenishes lost hydration through both the cleansing step, and if you suffer from dry skin. Dry skin is also more pronounced in the winter months due to the cold weather and decreased humidity. Moisturised skin is less prone to cracking, peeling and damage from environmental effects. It’s best to purchase a moisturiser suitable for your skin type; if you suffer from dry skin consider a richer moisturiser with the addition of hyaluronic acid; if you suffer from oily skin purchase a lighter non-comedogenic moisturiser that is oil-free.

SPF is absolutely critical; UV rays from the sun have the potential to cause serious skin damage if left unprotected. UV damage can cause premature aging as well as lead to skin cancers. Free radical production is increased with sunlight exposure which are unstable molecules which try to snatch an electron from the skin. When this happens, the skin’s DNA is damaged; this is what can cause aging and cancer. It’s good practise to invest in a minimum SPF 30+ product with broad spectrum UVA & UVB protection.

Serums provide the skin with treatment that cannot be achieved with cleansing and moisturising alone. These are known as targeted treatments; there is a targeted treatment for almost every skin concern. These serums are not a waste of money provided you’re purchasing the right product for you; e.g. if you have acne prone skin, salicylic acid can work wonders in minimising breakouts and regulating sebum production. You have to see it to believe it, your scepticism may be overcome if you try the products for yourself; these ingredients have been rigorously medically examined for their efficacy so it’s no doubt they’re effective.

That being said, how much you spend on these products is something to consider. You could be wasting your money spending 10x the amount on a skincare product/serum given that a cheaper product could potentially provide the same results, this brings us on to the next point:

Expensive doesn’t always mean better

person with money
Photo by Allef Vinicius on Unsplash

This holds especially true in the skincare world, branding is everything. It’s very enticing to purchase a product with a fancy label, but you need to get down to the base ingredients. Often you’ll find that two products have very similar ingredients, but at drastically different price points. For example, if you’re comparing two serums that both contain 5% glycolic acid, there might not be a world of a difference in the results they provide. An example of a brand that provides fantastic formulations at a cheap-as-chips price point is The Ordinary.

We recommended doing suitable market research prior to making any purchases. Ensure any products you buy are for your skin type and concerns, and always compare similar brands and formulations.

With all that considered, certain products may be more steep depending on how they’re formulated, how extensive the testing process was, as well as how ethical the ingredient sourcing process is.

Ethical ingredient sourcing = increase in price

green plants depicting ethics
Photo by Emily Hopper on Unsplash

I cannot emphasise the importance of ethically sourced ingredients enough; it is critical to maintain ecosystems and improve the general sustainability of the skincare and cosmetics sector.

Spending a little more money on a sustainable product is worth every penny. Using squalane as an example, 60% of market supplied squalane is from non-sustainable sources: shark livers. Thousands of sharks are poached yearly for their fins and livers amongst other things. This is a barbaric practise which needs to stop to maintain the integrity of ocean ecosystems. Squalane can also be extracted from olives, sugar cane and wheat bran; this process is a little more expensive but should not be overlooked.

With consumers becoming increasingly aware of the effect their actions have on the environment, the demand for new cruelty-free, vegan, ‘green’ brands has drastically shot up. No doubt manufacturing in this manner means increased cost which affects you, the consumer, just remember that you’re doing your part. Spending more money this way is not a waste by any means.

More rigorous testing means increased cost

There’s a minimum level of testing required to put any skincare product for sale, but while the bare minimum ensures that the product is safe to use, it isn’t always enough.

Effective testing can take years with the amount of things to consider;

  • Testing on people with different skin types
  • Testing for compatibility across different age groups
  • Confirming the effectiveness of the product, ensuring no adverse reactions

Just one of many things skincare brands need to pay attention to. Ultimately the goal is to get sales of their product by providing results; it’s these results that can take years, rigorous testing and millions in cash to achieve. Smaller brands might not be able to achieve this level of testing and validation, which often reflects in product price.

The ethics of testing is also under scrutiny. Animal testing is an unethical procedure, but is often significantly cheaper than testing on human subjects. Brands which do not test on animals have to get creative, and spend a significant amount of time and money developing methods to test their products to ensure they’re safe for human use.

Not all skincare products are effective as they claim to be

Items that fall under this category are pore refining serums, anti-aging creams and so on. Often these serums have little medical backing, in which case you might be wasting your money. For example, many anti-aging creams are simply based on anecdotal evidence, best to manage your expectations when using products like these.

To sum it up

Skincare products are not a waste of money. They’re essential to maintain good skin health. That being said, it’s best to do your own market research as expensive doesn’t always mean improved results. Some things to pay attention to include the ingredient sourcing process and the testing procedure.

Benefits Of Applying Rose Water To Facial Skin

Rose water is a natural beauty treatment which many people swear by. It’s use in beauty and medicine spans back hundreds of years to the crusades and with good reason. We’ve done thorough research into rose water and it’s benefits for your facial skin.

What is Rose Water?

Rose water is a fragrant liquid made by soaking rose petals in water. This gives the solution a delightful smell but also comes with added benefits of anti-inflammatory and skin hydrating properties. The R. damascena specie of rose is one of the most important species of the rose family typically used to make rose water, essential oils and fragrances[1].

What are the benefits of applying rose water to the skin?

1. Rose water can reduce skin inflammation

Rose water possesses good anti-inflammatory properties that can help with skin redness and edema (swelling). Rose water also contains Vitamin C which has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties[2]. This is good news for suffers of acne, psoriasis and other skin conditions as applying rose water can help ease symptoms.

2. Rose water can protect the skin by battling harmful free radicals

Rose water exhibits strong anti-oxidant properties[3]. Anti-oxidants are essential to maintain healthy skin function as they can help reduce and neutralise free radical production.

Free radicals are molecules with unpaired electrons which can damage the skin by taking an extra electron; this can damage the skin’s DNA. The small amounts of Vitamin C present in the R. damascena plant may also help to brighten to the skin.

3. Rose water can reduce stress which will improve skin quality

High stress levels can wreak havoc on your skin and general health. The fragrance present in rose water can improve your mood and has mild therapeutic benefit. This calming effect can help moderate stress levels; reducing stress means improved quality of sleep and reduced hormonal fluctuation and therefore improved skin quality.

A study conducted my M. Fukada et al. [4] showed that inhalation of rose essential oils significantly reduced stress activity.

4. Rose water’s anti-microbial properties can help acne sufferers

Because rose water is an antioxidant and antimicrobial, it can help acne sufferers. Acne is caused by the P. acnes bacteria as well as build up of sebum and dead skin cells in the pores. Not only will rose water help fight against acne, it can prevent infections occurring from damaged, inflamed skin.

5. Rose water hydrates the skin

A lovely mist of rose water sprayed on the face can help to hydrate the skin. This will in turn mean softer, more supple skin.

6. Rose water protects skin against environmental effects

UV rays from the sun, free radicals, and pollution can all damage the skin’s natural lipid barrier required to protect the skin. Rose water’s antioxidant properties can help to protect the skin from the harmful effects of the environment, therefore slowing the aging process and preventing skin damage.

7. Rose water has anti-aging properties

Some limited studies display the effectiveness of topical rose water application with reduced fine lines and wrinkles.

How to apply rose water to the skin

spray bottle with rose water

Rose water mist: The easiest way to get your fix of rose water is by creating a mist. Simply fill a spray bottle with some concentrated rose water and spray away for instant refreshment.

Use it as a toner: Rose water can be used as a toner and it’s mild astringent properties can help to minimise the appearance of pores and give your skin a healthy glow. Simply dab a bit of rose water onto a cotton wool ball and gently apply to the whole face and neck.

Ingest it: You can even add rose water to common recipes where it can benefit your skin and overall health.

To sum it up

Applying rose water to the face can help reduce inflammation brought about by acne and other skin conditions. A simply spray can also hydrate the skin and reduce stress levels which will significantly improve the condition of your skin. The best way to apply rose water is through a simple mist produced by a spray bottle.

References

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586833/#B83

[2] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3862064/

[3] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19100811

[4] https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/37/4/347/277648

Heat Rash On Skin: Symptoms and Treatments

With the summer comes increased heat and humidity, an excellent time to be out and about. This climate also brings the increased risk of heat rash and sun damage. Think you have/are prone to getting a heat rash? Common symptoms, precautions and treatments are below;

What is heat rash?

Heat rash, also known as prickly heat or miliaria is a common skin condition which often occurs in hot and humid weather conditions.

Heat rash occurs when the small sweat glands in the skin get blocked and are unable to secrete sweat onto the skin. Sweating, or perspiring, is the most common method through which the body regulates temperature. When you perspire, the water droplets formed evaporate off the skin, cooling it down.

When the sweat glands get blocked and cannot channel sweat onto the surface of the skin it can overheat, this results in a uncomfortable red rash known as heat rash.

What are the symptoms of heat rash?

woman sweating

The most common symptoms of heat rash are as follows;

Red bumps and spots on the skin

Small red bumps and spots can appear on the skin, common areas for heat rash include areas with skin folds such as the armpit and groin area, but it can appear anywhere on the body.

Blisters

In some cases heat rash may lead to blisters which are filled with fluid to form, these are prone to bursting from friction brought about by clothes or rubbing.

Itchiness, uncomfortable prickly feeling

Heat rash can cause a general uncomfortable feeling around the affected area, it can itch or feel prickly.

Redness and swelling

The affected areas are prone to redness and swelling as a result of overheating.

Who is at risk?

Anyone can develop heat rash but there are certain people that are more susceptible.

Babies are at risk for heat rash as they cannot control body temperature as effectively as adults and young children.

Overweight individuals are also at risk due to increased skin chaffing and increased contact areas.

The elderly have an increased risk of heat rash development due to lack of movement, this means reduced exposure to cool air.

Treatments for heat rash

sunglasses on books depicting treatment

Heat rash often goes away on it’s own after a few days. There are also many over-the-counter medications available for treating heat rash, speak to a pharmacist if you’re concerned.

Hydrocortisone creams

Hydrocortisone creams are used to treat skin inflammation, redness and itching. These creams can help minimise the irritation associated with heat rash and help accelerate the healing process.

Antihistamines

Certain antihistamine tablets can help relieve the itchy, uncomfortable feeling brought about by heat rash.

Calamine lotions

Calamine lotions are used to treat skin itchiness. This lotion won’t necessarily help to heal the rash but will definitely ease the symptoms.

At-home remedies for heat rash

glasses on book for home remedies

If for whatever reason you cannot get your hands on over-the-counter medicines or just prefer home remedies, below are just a few proven to alleviate symptoms of rashes and inflamed skin;

Ice packs

Ice packs can help cool the skin and reduce the inflammation and redness associated with heat rash.

Cold showers

A cold shower can cool the skin down and minimise symptoms of a heat rash.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera possesses many anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that can help with the heat rash. Not only will this prevent infections, it can soothe swelling and skin redness. Apply pure aloe vera gel to the affected sites for instant relief.

Precautions to prevent heat rash

woman floating on body of water

You should take the following precautions to prevent the formation of heat rash;

Wear loose, breathable clothing

When the weather is hot and humid, tight clothing which sticks and rubs against the skin can promote the development of heat rash by constricting air flow. Ensure you wear loose clothing made of breathable fabrics when it’s hot outside or when you’re engaging in physical activities such as running or cycling. Examples of breathable fabrics include cotton and linen.

Use air conditioning & fans

If you’re inside on a hot day make sure you turn the air conditioning or any fans on to promote air circulation and cool the room. If you’re prone to heat rash this will keep the skin cool and minimise the risk of rash formation.

Limit exercise

Exercise significantly increases the probability of heat rash developing. Physical activity means more friction against body parts from clothing as well as increased body heat; contributory factors for heat rash. Limit exercise when it’s hot and humid outside, consider working out later in the day when it’s cooler.

Cleanse the skin thoroughly

Sweat glands can become clogged through excess dirt and oils present on the skin. Taking a warm shower with a gentle cleanser and using an exfoliating brush or loofah can minimise the potential of this happening. When it’s hot and humid outside you should be taking a shower/bath every day to keep your skin clean.

Use non-comedogenic creams and lotions (preferably oil-free)

Using heavy oil-based creams and lotions increase the risk of clogged pores and therefore heat rash. Try and purchase lighter, gel-based formulations which have a cooling sensation on the skin and won’t block your pores. The last thing you want on a hot day is an oily complexion too, using lighter creams will mitigate that.

Stay hydrated

You should up your water intake in hot environment as you’re more prone to dehydration. By keeping your water intake high, your body can more effectively regulate temperature through perspiration, minimising the probability of heat rash.

To sum it up

Heat rash is a common skin condition affecting thousands of people every year, more-so during the summer months where the weather is hot and humid. Heat rash symptoms include small red spots, blisters, redness and inflammation of the skin and general itchiness.

To prevent heat rash you should wear loose, breathable clothing; limit exercise when it’s hot outside; use air conditioning when possible and stay hydrated.

Heat rash usually goes away on it’s own after a few days but in some cases it can last longer, or even worsen and lead to infection. If you’re concerned, visit a licensed medical practitioner for professional advice.

Best Serums For Oily Skin 2020

There’s a serum out there for every skin concern; whether this be a battle with acne, aging or even skin dryness. Applying the correct serum for your skin type can provide exactly what your skin needs, boosting skin health and vibrance.

Serums are an essential for oily skin. Oily skin is often a result of overproduction of sebum and oils, natural secretions required to maintain an effective, healthy lipid barrier. Overproduction of these oils can lead to an oily-complexion and even lead to acne and breakouts, so it’s essential that this sebum production is kept under control.

Before purchasing any serum, ensure that they are oil-free, and non-comedogenic. One more thing to look out for is alcohol in serums/toners, simple alcohols can overly dry the skin which can indirectly worsen oiliness.

8 Of The Best Serums For Oily Skin

We’ve put together a list of the best serums for oily skin in 2020. These can help to minimise shine, regulate sebum production and minimise breakouts.

1. The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1%

The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1% Serum

This serum by The Ordinary contains niacinamide and zinc, two ingredients that work together to soothe the skin, regulate sebum production and control breakouts. Regular use of this serum can control oiliness and it forms an excellent base for any skincare/makeup routine.

Price: £5.00

GET IT HERE

2. La Roche-Posay Effaclar Pore Minimizer Face Serum

La Roche-Posay Effaclar Anti Aging Pore Minimizer Face Serum

This pore refining serum by La Roche-Posay helps to minimise enlarged pores associated with oily skin, as well as exfoliate the skin and reduce congestion.

Glycolic acid works deep into the pores to regulate sebum production, and hyaluronic acid provides optimal hydration and minimises fine lines.

Price: $44.99

GET IT HERE

3. Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum

T.L.C. Framboos™ Glycolic Night Serum

This is a night serum which contains both AHAs and BHAs to provide you with an overnight facial. Wake up to clearer, less oily skin and minimised pores.

Dead skin cells are lifted away from the combination of glycolic, lactic, tartaric, citric and salicylic acid. Excess oiliness will become a thing of the past with continued use.

Price: $90.00

GET IT HERE

4. Aspect Jungle Brew

Aspect Jungle Brew

A high performance facial serum designed with oily and acne-prone skin in mind. This serum contains vitamin c to brighten to skin and clear congestion. Amazonian extracts work to soothe the skin and calm irritation commonly associated with acid use.

Price: $135.00

GET IT HERE

5. Drunk Elephant C-Firma Day Serum

Drunk Elephant's C-Firma Day Serum

Vitamin C is an excellent ingredient for oily skin as it won’t aggravate the problem, and it’s antioxidant properties work to brighten and tighten the skin.

Vitamin C can also help fade hyperpigmentation and acne scars from breakouts in the past. This is a lightweight serum which also contains enzymes and vitamin E to soothe the skin and minimise fine lines and wrinkles.

Price: $80.00

GET IT HERE

6. Dermalogica Overnight Clearing Gel

Dermalogica Overnight Clearing Gel

More of a gel than a serum, but effective nonetheless. This serum by Dermalogica contains salicylic acid to slough off the outermost layer of dead skin cells, preventing clogged pores and breakouts. Salicylic acid also helps to regulate sebum production and controls shine.

Tea tree oil helps to soothe the skin from irritation commonly associated with use of a BHA.

Includes niacinamide to regulate sebum production and clear congestion.

Price: £46.00

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7. Crystal Clear No Shine Serum

Crystal Clear No Shine Serum

This is a mattifying serum by Crystal Clear Skincare formulated to get rid of shine caused by oily skin.

This serum is enriched with oleanolic and salicylic acids, oil and blemish-fighting ingredients, as well as vitamin C and peptides to combat inflammation, and boost skin cells turnover.

Minimises breakouts and shine, hydrates the skin, and tightens pores for a more refined appearance.

Price: £37.99

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8. Caudalie Vinopure Skin Purifying Mattifying Liquid

Vinopure Skin Perfecting Mattifying Fluid

Take control of shine with this serum by Caudalie Paris. This liquid mattifies the skin, providing you with the anti-shine treatment you need.

This serum also contains silica powder which is a natural anti-inflammatory; good for acne sufferers. The addition of rosewater also helps maintain a healthy pH balance.

Price: £25.00

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How To Get Rid Of Forehead Wrinkles

Forehead wrinkles and fine lines can take a significant toll on your complexion and often appear as a result of aging and facial expression. Frowning often can lead to development of forehead wrinkles but they’re also caused by reduced skin elasticity from the natural aging process.

Worry not however, there are many methods through which you can reduce the appearance of forehead wrinkles, below are some of the best ways in how to get minimise and get rid of forehead wrinkles;

1. Retinoids/Retinol

Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A which possesses fantastic collagen boosting properties. Forehead wrinkles appear when the skin loses it’s elasticity; this is due to reduction of elastin and collagen proteins. By boosting the amount of collagen in the skin, you can re-firm the forehead and minimise the appearance of fines lines and wrinkles. Retinol can also helps to minimise pores and even skin-tone.

2. Retinoic Acid

Pure retinoic acid is a stronger, prescription-form of retinol which can provide more immediate results. Regular retinol serums require enzymes in the skin to convert the retinol into retinoic acid which is a slower procedure than direct application of the acid. Note that application of pure retinoic acid is far harsher on the skin, and it may not work for everyone; consult your dermatologist for further advice.

3. Hyaluronic acid serums

Hyaluronan a.k.a hyaluronic acid is a coveted ingredient in the skincare world for it’s excellent moisture boosting properties. Hyaluronic acid can hold 1000x it’s weight in water; but what does this mean for your skin?

It’s means hydration, optimal hydration. As we age the moisture content in our skin reduces, lack of moisture has a significant contributory role in the development of signs of aging including wrinkles and sagging. By applying hyaluronic acid to the forehead you’re plumping the skin up, minimising the appearance of those wrinkles and with continued use it can even slow down the aging process.

4. Glycolic acid

The use of a high-concentration glycolic acid (AHA) serum can help to minimise forehead wrinkles by boosting collagen synthesis. This will restore skin plumpness and elasticity. Not only will glycolic acid reduce fine lines and wrinkles, it can also help to even skin-tone, minimise breakouts and brighten skin complexion. Glycolic acid can be found in serum, toner and moisturiser forms.

5. Botox

Botox injections are a safe medical procedure where the botulinum toxin is introduced into the facial muscles. This paralyses the forehead muscles, reducing contractions and therefore getting rid of the wrinkles. Botox treatments are far more expensive than the above treatments however, and often come with side effects. If you’re going to go ahead with botox, ensure you do your research and find a licensed medical practitioner to undertake the procedure.

6. Stop frowning/being overly-expressive

Practise controlling your facial expressions in order to prevent forehead wrinkles from occurring in the first place. Not only will this prevent them from appearing, it will mean you won’t be making them more pronounced.

7. Drink more water

Dehydrated skin can worsen the appearance of forehead wrinkles. Drinking enough water will ensure your skin remains hydrated and plump, reducing the signs of aging.

To sum it up

Getting rid of forehead wrinkles at-home is no easy process, especially considering age is fighting against your efforts. Just know consistency is key with these methods, results can take a while to show but practising good lifestyle choices and maintaining good skincare practises can really be worth your while.