The Top 5 Anti-Aging Serums You Need To Have In 2020

Aging skin is a problem everyone has to deal with. Fine lines, dark circles, skin sagging, and wrinkling skin take a significant toll on our complexions. The good news is that there are many serums which work to tackle visible signs of aging by promoting collagen synthesis. Below are the top 5 anti-aging serums you need to have in 2020:

1/5 Paula’s Choice 1% Retinol Booster (£50.00)

Paula's Choice 1% Retinol Booster
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This is our favourite Retinol serum by Paula’s Choice. This 1% retinol booster works to target fine lines and wrinkles, improves skin tone and reduces pore size. The formulation is light-weight and won’t clog pores. Ceramides and peptides are also included in the formula, these work to improve the skin’s moisture barrier and restore skin hydration.

2/5 Viola Skin: Retinol Face Serum with Hyaluronic Acid (14.97)

Viola Skin Retinol Serum
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Retinol is one of the most potent anti-aging ingredients available on the skincare market. Retinol, a derivative of Vitamin A, works to promote collagen synthesis and therefore reduce visible signs of aging. Continued use can fade fine lines, wrinkles, age spots and scarring.

This serum by Viola Skin is a potent solution containing retinol, hyaluronic acid and vitamin E for an all-round anti-aging treatment.

3/5 Viola Skin: Vitamin C Serum with Hyaluronic Acid (£14.97)

Viola Skin Anti-Aging Vitamin C Serum
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This premium Vitamin C serum by Viola Skin contains a potent 20% Amino Vitamin C blend with Hyaluronic acid. Vitamin C is an excellent anti-oxidant which works to neutralise free radicals on the skin. It’s these free radicals that are often responsible for skin damage and premature skin aging.

The addition of hyaluronic acid provides much needed hydration for aging skin, and immediately minimises fine lines.

4/5 L’Oreal Paris Hydra Genius Aloe Water (£6.66)

L'Oreal Paris Hydra Genius Aloe Water Serum
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This formulation by L’Oreal Paris contains hyaluronic acid and aloe vera in a water based solution for hydrating, non-greasy finish. This solution locks in much needed moisture for up to 72 hours, and the addition of aloe vera provides anti-inflammatory and cooling effects. A perfect all-round moisturiser for most skin types.

5/5 L’Oreal Paris Revitalift Filler Ampoules (£15.30)

L'Oreal Paris Filler Ampoules Anti-Aging
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These are fantastic little ampoules by L’Oreal Paris that work to lock in skin moisture and penetrate deep into the skin to provide much needed hydration. After just 1 use the skin is softer and plumper, minimising fine lines and wrinkles. After 7 days, the skin is tighter, firmer, and bouncier with a healthy glow.

How To Get Rid Of Forehead Wrinkles

Forehead wrinkles and fine lines can take a significant toll on your complexion and often appear as a result of aging and facial expression. Frowning often can lead to development of forehead wrinkles but they’re also caused by reduced skin elasticity from the natural aging process.

Worry not however, there are many methods through which you can reduce the appearance of forehead wrinkles, below are some of the best ways in how to get minimise and get rid of forehead wrinkles;

1. Retinoids/Retinol

Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A which possesses fantastic collagen boosting properties. Forehead wrinkles appear when the skin loses it’s elasticity; this is due to reduction of elastin and collagen proteins. By boosting the amount of collagen in the skin, you can re-firm the forehead and minimise the appearance of fines lines and wrinkles. Retinol can also helps to minimise pores and even skin-tone.

2. Retinoic Acid

Pure retinoic acid is a stronger, prescription-form of retinol which can provide more immediate results. Regular retinol serums require enzymes in the skin to convert the retinol into retinoic acid which is a slower procedure than direct application of the acid. Note that application of pure retinoic acid is far harsher on the skin, and it may not work for everyone; consult your dermatologist for further advice.

3. Hyaluronic acid serums

Hyaluronan a.k.a hyaluronic acid is a coveted ingredient in the skincare world for it’s excellent moisture boosting properties. Hyaluronic acid can hold 1000x it’s weight in water; but what does this mean for your skin?

It’s means hydration, optimal hydration. As we age the moisture content in our skin reduces, lack of moisture has a significant contributory role in the development of signs of aging including wrinkles and sagging. By applying hyaluronic acid to the forehead you’re plumping the skin up, minimising the appearance of those wrinkles and with continued use it can even slow down the aging process.

4. Glycolic acid

The use of a high-concentration glycolic acid (AHA) serum can help to minimise forehead wrinkles by boosting collagen synthesis. This will restore skin plumpness and elasticity. Not only will glycolic acid reduce fine lines and wrinkles, it can also help to even skin-tone, minimise breakouts and brighten skin complexion. Glycolic acid can be found in serum, toner and moisturiser forms.

5. Botox

Botox injections are a safe medical procedure where the botulinum toxin is introduced into the facial muscles. This paralyses the forehead muscles, reducing contractions and therefore getting rid of the wrinkles. Botox treatments are far more expensive than the above treatments however, and often come with side effects. If you’re going to go ahead with botox, ensure you do your research and find a licensed medical practitioner to undertake the procedure.

6. Stop frowning/being overly-expressive

Practise controlling your facial expressions in order to prevent forehead wrinkles from occurring in the first place. Not only will this prevent them from appearing, it will mean you won’t be making them more pronounced.

7. Drink more water

Dehydrated skin can worsen the appearance of forehead wrinkles. Drinking enough water will ensure your skin remains hydrated and plump, reducing the signs of aging.

To sum it up

Getting rid of forehead wrinkles at-home is no easy process, especially considering age is fighting against your efforts. Just know consistency is key with these methods, results can take a while to show but practising good lifestyle choices and maintaining good skincare practises can really be worth your while.

How To Build The Perfect Skincare Routine

Building the perfect skincare routine is a critical step in promoting skin health and clarity. Skincare routines differ between different age groups as well as between the different skin types. It can be quite difficult to understand the steps you should take to maintain a healthy complexion, we’ve built a complete guide for all skin-types to help you out. Read on to find out how you can build the perfect skincare routine.

Skin types

Before assembling a skincare routine, you have to first understand your skin type. Understanding your skin type will ensure you’re following the correct procedure and purchasing products that are tailored for you. Using the incorrect skincare products can have a detrimental impact on your complexion. There are 4 main types of skin;

1. Normal Skin

Normal skin refers to skin that is well-balanced. This means no excessive oiliness or dryness, small pores, minimal sensitivity and few imperfections. In general there is no perfectly normal skin, but rather skin that doesn’t fall to any extremes.

2. Oily Skin

Oily skin refers to skin that is shiny and prone to breaking out. Skin oiliness is a result of overactive sebaceous glands which are responsible for secreting sebum, the waxy substance used to keep skin healthy and hydrated. When excess sebum is produced however, this can cause the characteristic shine and lead to breakouts, blackheads and other blemishes. Those with oily skin also suffer from enlarged pores.

3. Dry Skin

Those with dry skin have a dull, dry complexion. Skin may suffer from peeling or cracking which can lead to redness and inflammation. Dry skin sufferers also have more prominent skin lines and wrinkles, and very small pores.

4. Combination Skin

Combination skin refers to skin that is any combination of normal, oily, and dry. For example, you may have oily skin around the T-Zone (very common), but normal or dry skin everywhere else on the face.

Aging skin and sensitive skin are two other common skin concerns, but these require a little more attention so we’ll dedicated separate articles for them.

Skincare routine for your skin type

This segment is broken up into four sections, a routine for each skin type. We’ve included product recommendations and some helpful pointers to maximise efficacy of any treatments.

1. Skincare routine for normal skin

The fantastic thing about normal/balanced skin is that your skincare routine can be fairly uncomplicated;

A.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser that doesn’t block your pores. Stay away from cleansers that use harsh soaps, these can strip the skin of natural oils it needs to maintain healthy function and lead to dryness. Cleansing is an essential step in maintaining skin clarity.

SERUM: Apply any serums immediately after cleansing. We won’t recommend any particular serum for normal skin as it’ll depend entirely on your skincare goals. Common serums what they do are listed here.

LIGHT MOISTURISER: You should always moisturise your skin at the end of your routine. Moisturising restores lost hydration from the cleansing process, and will keep your skin soft and supple. Hyaluronic Acid is an excellent hydrator and humectant found in moisturisers that works to keep your skin supple.

SPF 30+: Sun protection is essential to minimise the damage done by UV rays. UV rays cause cellular degradation which can lead to premature aging and skin cancers.

P.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Cleansing twice a day ensures all dirt, oils and pollutants are washed off your face; this reduces the likelihood of blemishes and breakouts forming. Use the same cleanser as you did in the AM.

SERUM: There are countless night serums you can use, tailor these to your skincare goals. Common ingredients include Vitamin C, to brighten and exfoliate the skin and Retinol, which is a powerful anti-aging agent.

RICH NIGHT-TIME MOISTURISER: Night-time moisturisers are often thicker to deliver excellent hydration all night long. Lack of skin hydration is often responsible for aging, by using a rich moisturiser you’ll slow down this process.

2. Skincare routine for oily skin

Oily skin requires a little more attention with cleansing as well as product choice.

A.M.

CLEANSE: Use a gentle non-comedogenic cleanser that won’t block your pores. Try and stay away from harsh soaps as these can overly dry the skin and even worsen skin oiliness. When the skin is stripped of all essential moisture, the sebaceous glands counter this by overproducing sebum. This overproduction of sebum aggravates skin oiliness and can lead to further breakouts and blackheads. Ensure you’re quite thorough when cleansing, especially around your problem areas.

AHA/BHA SERUM: Serums with AHAs/BHAs can help to regulate oiliness and reduce breakouts. Niacinamide is a superb ingredient that works to get rid of blemishes and regulate sebum production. Salicylic acid and glycolic acid are exfoliants that work great for oily and acne-prone skin.

OIL-FREE MOISTURISER: Moisturising is an essential step for all skin types, oily or not. A light moisturiser should be used, preferably oil-free.

SPF 30+: Applying sun protection is an integral step in your regime, SPF ensures that UV rays don’t damage your skin. UV damage is linked to premature aging and skin cancers.

P.M.

CLEANSE: Cleansing twice a day ensures you regulate skin oiliness and prevent build-up from clogging pores which can lead to blackheads and acne.

AHA/BHA OR RETINOL SERUM: Using a serum in the PM will ensure the active ingredients fight skin oiliness and breakouts all night long. Long term use of retinol has been linked to more youthful skin and therefore smaller pores. Make sure you don’t combine the two however.

OIL-FREE MOISTURISER: Never use a thick night-time moisturiser if you have oily and acne-prone skin. This is fine for other skin types but for oily skin sufferers it can easily lead to clogged pores.

3. Skincare routine for dry skin

Dry skin is often more prone to irritation. It is therefore imperative that gentle products are used where possible, and moisturising should receive a little extra attention.

A.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Emphasis on the gentle here, if your skin is dry you don’t want to wash away any essential oils required to maintain healthy skin barrier function. Use a soap-free cleanser.

HYDRATING SERUMS: Find serums which contain hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is an excellent hydrator and humectant meaning it draws water from it’s surroundings to deliver outstanding hydration all day long. Try to stay away from chemical exfoliants as these can dry skin further. Try Laroche-Posay – HYALU B5 HYALURONIC ACID SERUM.

RICH MOISTURISER: There are moisturisers formulated specifically for overly dry skin. These aim to replenish lost moisture, therefore reducing skin cracking and peeling which in turn reduces redness and inflammation. This also reduces the probability for infection.

SPF 30+: Sun protection is critical to prevent harmful UV rays from damaging your skin. Direct sunlight exposure damages skin cells which can cause premature aging, inflammation and skin cancers. Dry skin is often more sensitive to pollutants, using SPF with broad spectrum protection can help to protect skin from these damaging particulates.

P.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Cleansing twice a day removes impurities and oils that can clog pores and lead to breakouts.

HYDRATING NIGHT SERUM: You’ll find that most night serums for dry skin include hyaluronic acid to replenish moisture and plump the skin overnight.

RICH NIGHT-TIME MOISTURISER: A rich moisturiser will provide hydration all night long. By hydrating your skin you’re effectively minimising chances of peeling and cracking, as well as reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

4. Skincare routine for combination skin

Combination skin often requires a mix of products used for oily, normal and dry skin. You may find that you require the use of certain products on targeted areas on your face.

A.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Use a gentle soap-free cleanser that won’t strip the skin of essential moisture. Be thorough around oily/problem areas to ensure you wash away all excess oil and dirt.

SERUMS (AHA/BHA, VITAMIN C, NIACINAMIDE): You might find that you need to use chemical exfoliants on the whole face for a brighter complexion, or just targeted areas that are more prone to breakouts and oiliness. Niacinamide can help to regulate sebum production and battle blemishes where required. Vitamin C can brighten the complexion and promote collagen synthesis.

LIGHT MOISTURISER: If your skin is on the drier side, use a moisturiser with hyaluronic acid to provide thorough hydration. If your skin is on the oilier side, use a lighter gel-based moisturiser as to not clog the pores.

SPF 30+: Never skip out on sun protection, it saves your skin from photoaging (aging caused by repeated UV exposure), as well as skin cancer and sunburn/inflammation.

P.M.

GENTLE CLEANSE: Cleansing twice a day refreshes your face and gets rid of impurities that can lead to blackheads and breakouts.

AHA/BHA OR RETINOL SERUM: These serums will tackle your skin problems all night long. Exfoliants such as AHAs/BHAs will work deep into the pores to clear congestion and reduce blemishes, while Retinol will promote collagen synthesis and reduce pore size.

LIGHT MOISTURISER: Plump and well protected skin, that’s the purpose of a moisturiser.

Why Your Sleeping Position Is Causing Fine Lines And Wrinkles

A lot of us are well acquainted with the fact that your sleeping position can have a profound impact on your posture and spinal health. What many of us might be unaware of though, is that certain sleeping positions can be causing fine lines and wrinkles to appear on your skin and neck.

Which Sleeping Positions Cause Fine Lines And Wrinkles?

Any position where your skin is being stressed, this includes side sleeping as well as sleeping on your stomach.

Sleeping on your stomach

Not only is sleeping on your stomach terrible for your neck and back, it can also worsen acid reflux, as well as cause deep sleep lines and wrinkles to appear. When you sleep on your stomach, you’re applying pressure to the facial skin. Continually stressing your skin in this manner can lead to fine lines and wrinkles around the forehead and cheeks.

Sleeping on your stomach can also lead to breakouts and acne. Your pillowcase accumulates dirt and oils from secretions from your head and skin. By sleeping on your stomach you’re effectively rubbing your face in these contaminants, this can clog your pores and lead to breakouts.

Sleeping on your side

Sleeping on your side is considerably better for your neck and spinal health, and also a little better for your skin. It is still not the optimal sleeping position, as you’re still applying pressure to the skin which can cause wrinkles. In addition to this, one side of your face may have more pronounced wrinkles; the side you sleep on more frequently. It also comes with the same risk of acne and breakouts as you’ll be transferring the dirt and oils on your pillow to your face.

Why you should sleep on your back

Sleeping on your back with a suitable pillow is excellent for spinal and back health. This position preserves the natural curve in the spine and doesn’t apply any unnecessary stress on the neck.

Sleeping on your back also ensures pressure isn’t applied to the facial skin, preventing sleep lines and wrinkles. It might be a little difficult to get used to sleeping on your back, but it’s definitely worth it in the long run.

To Sum It Up

Sleeping on your side and back applies pressure to your facial skin, repeatedly stressing the skin like this can cause fine lines and wrinkles. In addition to premature aging, these sleeping positions can cause breakouts and acne, as well as damage your neck and spinal health. Sleeping on your back is the optimal position for skin health.

Your Skin Care Routine Could Be Damaging Your Complexion, Here’s Why

Skin care routines are essential to ensure that our skin stays clear, healthy and hydrated. There are however mistakes you may be making in your routine that could potentially be damaging your skin and causing premature aging. Read out to find out how your skin care routine could be damaging your skin, and how to avoid these mistakes.

1. Cleansing Too Frequently

cleansing soap
Photo by Allie on Unsplash

Cleansing is a critical process which helps rid your skin of unwanted dirt and oils, revealing a clean, brighter complexion. Cleansing twice a day ensures that dirt, pollutants and oils don’t clog your pores and cause breakouts.

Over-cleansing however can be detrimental to overall skin health. Over-cleansing is the process of cleansing too frequently, or using facial cleansers which contain harsh soaps that alter the pH of the skin and cause dryness. You might feel the need to cleanse more than twice a day, or to use cleansers with soaps because it gives you a squeaky clean finish but this is often doing more harm than good.

Your skin secretes a waxy substance known as sebum through the sebaceous glands which are found in your pores. The function of this substance is to keep the skin hydrated and protected. By over-cleansing, you can damage the skin’s lipid barrier as these essential oils are washed away. Skin dryness is often a result of excessive cleansing, and it’s this dryness that is associated with premature aging.

Over-cleansing can also make matters worse if you’re doing it to combat oiliness or acne breakouts. It might in the moment seem helpful to cleanse to get rid of oils, but if anything this could be making your skin even worse. By constantly stripping the skin of it’s natural secretions, the sebaceous glands begin to overproduce sebum to combat the newfound dryness. By doing so, you leave your skin more prone to oiliness and breaking out.

So what should you do?

Cleanse twice a day, in the AM and PM. Use a gentle cleanser that is non-comedogenic (meaning it won’t block your pores) and won’t overly dry the skin.

If during the day your skin begins to feel a little greasy, use a simple oil blotting sheet to absorb the oil. Even facial tissues work fine, simply blot the affected areas with the tip of your finger.

2. Over-Exfoliating

skin exfoliating ingredients
Photo by shawnee wilborn on Unsplash

Exfoliating too frequently comes with the same risks as over-cleansing. Physical exfoliation is a fairly harsh process which utilises micro-abrasives to slough off the outermost layer of dead skin cells, revealing brighter, fresher skin underneath.

Exfoliating is a necessary procedure as it helps promote cellular turnover and allows for a deep clean to rid your skin of any debris that can cause breakouts or blackheads. Exfoliating 1-2 times a week is perfectly safe and promotes good skin health.

Exfoliating more than this or using harsh exfoliants can damage your skin causing dryness, peeling, redness and inflammation. By exfoliating too frequently, you’re stripping the skin of the natural oils it needs to function properly. This can even lead to over-production of oils, and breakouts. As physical exfoliation is an abrasive process, doing it too frequently might mean you’re not giving your skin enough time to heal. This can lead to tightness, dryness, flaking and inflammation.

Chemical exfoliation is a far safer process which can be used more often than physical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliants use AHAs and BHAs (active acids) to work deep into the pores and promote cell turnover. Contrary to popular belief however, you can also overdo it with chemical exfoliants.

What should you do instead?

You should limit physical exfoliation (facial scrubs etc.) to 1-2 times a week. Be gentle when using these scrubs and make sure you follow them up with a good moisturiser to replenish any lost moisture and prevent skin dryness. If you have sensitive skin, consider purchasing a gentle scrub as generic products can cause irritation.

Chemical exfoliants should always be patch tested prior to use; this is to ensure there are no adverse reactions when applied. Topical application of such chemicals should also be limited to an as-and-when you need them basis. As an example, if your skin is already clear and healthy then there is no need to apply AHA serums every day, instead, use these serums a few times a week.

3. Skipping out on SPF

sunshine
Photo by chuttersnap on Unsplash

A lot of us are guilty when it comes to not using SPF. Whether this be because you want a summer glow, or just out of sheer laziness. We spend so much time cleansing, applying serums, and moisturising but all this work is likely being undone if you do not use sunscreen on a regular basis.

UV rays (UVA, UVB) are damaging to the skin. These rays penetrate the epidermis and damage the skin cells, as well as the DNA. This damage can not only lead to skin cancer, but is also the primary contributor to premature aging. Sun damage will lead to dark spots, wrinkles, redness and peeling of the skin. So, if you want to keep your youthful appearance, best to apply some SPF.

What you should be doing

Use at least SPF 30 when stepping out into direct sunlight. You can still get a tan with SPF 30, but this way you’ll be ensuring skin damage is minimised. Make sure you apply it to all the areas that will be in contact with the sun, common areas that are missed include the sides and back of the neck, upper chest and the midriff. In addition to protection from sunlight, SPF also protects the skin against pollutants.

4. Using Ingredients That Don’t Mix

the ordinary skin care serums
Photo by Okan Younesi on Unsplash

While it can be beneficial to combine different serums and ingredients, this is not always the case. There are certain ingredients that don’t mix well, below are just a couple:

Retinol + AHAs/BHAs/Vitamin C

Retinol has excellent anti-aging and cell regenerating properties, along with mild exfoliating properties. Combining this with stronger exfoliants such as AHAs/BHAs will lead to an increased risk of irritation. In addition to this effect, acids typically function at a low pH and combining this with a retinol solution may increase the pH of the acid serum, this will decrease it’s effectiveness.

Vitamin C + AHAs/BHAs

Vitamin C is already an excellent exfoliating agent working to promote cell turnover and brighten your complexion. Pairing this with other exfoliants can be a little excessive, and can lead to irritation, skin peeling and inflammation. Best to keep these two ingredients away from each other.

So, Which products should YOU use together?

There are many products you shouldn’t mix, but there are also many that work in harmony to deliver great results. Below are just a couple:

Hyaluronic Acid + Retinol (Hyaluronic Acid + most things, really)

Hyaluronic acid is a miracle hydrator than can hold 1000x it’s weight in water. It’s also a humectant meaning it draws water from surrounding areas to provide hydration where it’s needed. These excellent hydration properties can also slow down and reverse aging.

Using Hyaluronic Acid with retinol can help combat the dryness associated with retinol use, and it can also help soothe the skin.

Using Hyaluronic Acid with AHAs/BHAs can help to reduce dryness and minimise irritation. It’s imperative that you moisturise when using exfoliating acids as to not damage the skin.

AHAs/BHAs/Vitamin C + SPF

Exfoliating acids can increase sensitivity to the sunlight. It’s recommended that you don’t come into contact with direct sunlight when using these acids, as it can damage the skin or diminish the effectiveness of the treatments. If however you have to come into contact with sunlight, best to apply an even coverage of SPF at the end of your skin care regime.

To Sum It Up

Cleansing, exfoliating and active treatments can work wonders for your skin when used correctly. Overdo it however and you’ll find the opposite happens, you can damage your skin and even cause premature aging. We hope these tips have given you an insight into how to prevent these mistakes from happening, to keep your skin youthful and beautiful.

How At-Home Microneedling Can Make You Look Younger

Microneedling is an affordable at-home treatment for those looking to have a youthful complexion without breaking the bank. Typically the process is carried out by a dermatologist, but there are now the tools available to undertake this procedure with minimal risk at home.

What Is Microneedling?

Microneedling, or collagen induction therapy is the process of using a dermaroller containing hundreds of small needles to puncture the skin, and by doing so, stimulate the healing process. Below are some of the key benefits of microneedling;

Stimulates Collagen Production

By creating hundreds of puncture wounds the skin’s healing process is stimulated, and in doing so, the skin begins to create more collagen. By creating more collagen, the skin will look more youthful and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles can be minimised.

Tightens Pores

Your pores can become enlarged as you age due to the decreased amount of collagen and elastin, as well as due to external factors such as sun damage and acne. By stimulating the production of collagen and elastin, the skin will become firmer; therefore minimising the appearance of large pores.

Fade Acne Scars And Age Spots

Cell turnover is improved, and therefore new, healthy tissue replaces damaged tissue. This can help fade acne scars and age spots.

Helps Improve Product Absorption

By creating hundreds of tiny puncture wounds in the skin, skin care product absorption is improved. This includes serums and moisturisers. The small punctures are like tiny passages that carry the product deep into the skin where it’s most effective.

How To Microneedle At Home

Titanium Dermaroller

You’ll want to purchase a dermaroller, the device that you’ll be running over your skin. There are several needle lengths which can be used and it’s best to start off with a smaller needle so your skin can get used to the treatment.

The treatment will likely be painful, while you might be able to tolerate it, it’s generally best practise to use some form of numbing cream to make the experience a little more bearable.

Cleanse your dermaroller with isopropyl alcohol to ensure it is disinfected prior to use. Ensure you also cleanse your face thoroughly to prevent any bacteria from entering the punctures.

When you’re ready, apply gentle pressure on the dermaroller and roll it over your facial skin vertically, diagonally, and horizontally. It’s best to do a couple passes in each direction in the same section to ensure you have even coverage. Once you’ve done the whole face, it’s normal to see redness and irritation, especially if it’s your first time.

Apply your desired serum a few minutes after completing the process, this will maximise product absorption. Be wary when applying active acids (AHA, BHA) as these may cause further irritation to the skin.

How Often Should I Repeat The Treatment?

The frequency of the treatment depends on the needle length of the dermaroller. A short length of 0.2-0.25 mm can be used almost daily or every other day, but longer needles may require you to space out the treatment to every 2-4 weeks.

Be Wary If…

You have;

  • Acne
  • Eczema
  • Open Wounds

Use of a dermaroller can exacerbate these conditions, so best to avoid these areas.

Cleaning Your Dermaroller

Make sure you submerge the dermaroller in isopropyl alcohol after use to sterilise it. Your dermaroller will likely only last 2-3 months if you use it weekly. You must ensure you replace it as blunt needles can damage your skin or cause excessive discomfort.

The Results

Immediately after microneedling your skin will be more plump and radiant as blood flow is increased and due to the slight inflammation. More long term results from increased collagen and elastin production are likely to show at the 6 week mark. It may take several treatments to see visible results.

To Sum It Up

At-home microneedling is an excellent way to boost skin radiance, minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and improve product absorption. When the correct procedure is used there will be minimal risk, and results should be seen beginning at the 6 week mark.

Why You NEED Vitamin C In Your Skin Care Regime

Topical Vitamin C Serums have been named one of the best ingredients to include in your skin care routine for their excellent anti-aging and skin renewing properties. We’ve compiled a list of reasons as to why you NEED to include Vitamin C in your skin care regime, as well as some pointers to maximise it’s effectiveness.

What is Vitamin C?

I’m sure we’ve all heard of Vitamin C at some point, whether as a dietary supplement or a skin care ingredient. It’s use has spiked in the skin care world as of lately and it is totally justified. Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid is an excellent anti-oxidant which can completely revitalise your complexion. Below are just a few of the key benefits of the vitamin:

Boosts Collagen Production

girl with vitamin c and oranges
Photo by Noah Buscher on Unsplash

As we age, the amount of collagen and elastin in our skin slowly starts deplete. When this happens, we get the characteristic fine lines and wrinkles, as well as skin sagging and increased pore size. Use of Vitamin C Serums has been shown to boost collagen production and therefore reduce the signs of aging.

Brightens Skin, Fades Hyperpigmentation

Vitamin C has been shown to decrease melanin production, the pigment responsible for scarring, dark spots, and hyperpigmentation. By decreasing melanin production, Vitamin C can help fade skin discolouration and it can prevent dark spots from forming in the future.

Promotes Cellular Regeneration

Vitamin C is acidic, by applying it to the skin it promotes the regeneration process. This leads to increased collagen and elastin production, meaning tighter, firmer skin and a brightened complexion.

Neutralises Free Radicals

sunset
Photo by Luis Graterol on Unsplash

Free radicals are unstable molecules which can cause aging and damage to the skin. Vitamin C helps to neutralise these molecules, therefore reducing the effect that UV Rays and Air Pollution has on your skin. This is especially effective in reducing premature aging.

Minimises Redness

Vitamin C has been shown to be effective in combating redness and inflammatory skin conditions. It also promotes cell turnover, which can be effective for acne sufferers and scarring.

How To Use Vitamin C

The most effective form of topical Vitamin C is in serum form. You should apply a few drops of the serum to the whole face after cleansing (and toning), and before moisturising.

Keep your Vitamin C serum bottle away from direct sunlight as this can reduce the potency of the ingredients.

Combining Treatments

Vitamin C is generally safe to be used with most other skin care treatments, including AHA’s, BHA’s, Hyaluronic Acid and Glycolic Acid. However, just because you can doesn’t always mean you should.

The low PH (~ around 3) of Vitamin C can reduce the effectiveness of most AHA’s/BHA’s which are formulated to work at a higher PH. In addition to this, Vitamin C has mild exfoliating properties, when combined with an active acid this can cause redness, irritation and increased skin sensitivity.

Definitely do not use Vitamin C with Retinol as it will render both of these treatments significantly less effective.

We do recommend using Vitamin C with Hyaluronic Acid, as this can combat any dryness or flaking from it’s use.

Side Effects

Some common side effects from Vitamin C use include:

  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Itchiness
  • Burning sensation

As with most serums you use for the first time, it may tingle or burn a little but this should subside shortly. If however this feeling doesn’t fade, immediately rinse the product off your face.

We always recommend patch testing any new serum you’re using to ensure it’s compatible with your skin.

Product Recommendations

THE INKEY LIST | EGF Brightening Serum | Cult Beauty | Cult Beauty

The Inkey List – 15% Vitamin C and EGF Serum

Another product at a reasonable price point, this serum helps to brighten, protect and speed up skin regeneration. This serum also helps to refresh the dermis for visible plumper and youthful looking skin.

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Drunk Elephant C-Firma Day Serum

Drunk Elephant – C-Firma Day Serum

If you’ve heard of Drunk Elephant you’ll know exactly how effective their products are. This is a super potent Vitamin C day serum which helps to firm and brighten the appearance of the skin, while improving the signs of photoaging.

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PAULA'S CHOICE C15 Super Booster

Paula’s Choice C15 Super Booster

This booster contains 15% Vitamin C for brighter, younger looking skin as well as Vitamin E and Ferulic Acid to soothe the skin and promote radiance.

Get it here

What is Retinol? And Why You Should Be Using It

Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A being used predominantly as a cheap at-home treatment for aging. There has been a spike lately in the amount of retinol products available on the market; but what is Retinol? And why should you be using it? Read on to find out.

What Is Retinol

Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A. Retinol is the most common form of the ingredient you’ll find in most skincare creams and serums. There is a stronger prescription version of Retinol known as Retinoic Acid which provides more immediate results, but it is a harsher treatment. Consult your dermatologist for more information about acquiring retinoic acid.

Once Retinol is applied to the skin however, it is converted to Retinoic acid by enzymes present in our skin. You will still see fantastic results to your complexion with Retinol alone, it may just take a little longer.

Retinol Chemical Formula

Key Benefits of Retinol

Boosts Collagen Production

With continued use, Retinol boosts collagen production and promotes cellular regeneration. As we age, the collagen in our skin begins to breakdown. Using Retinol can slow down this process, therefore reducing signs of aging.

Anti-Aging

By boosting collagen and elastin production, the skin will be smoother and firmer; this can minimise the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

Minimises Pores

Enlarged pores occur through the aging process as the skin around the pores begins to sag and droop. By boosting the production of collagen and elastin, the appearance of your pores can be minimised. Read our article for more Ways to Reduce The Size Of Your Pores.

Even Skin Tone and Sun Spots

Retinol can even and smooth out skin texture and tone, and over time, it can fade sun spots and hyper-pigmentation. Retinol has a mild exfoliating effect as a result of increased cell turnover.

How to Use Retinol

Retinol when used in skin care is a topically applied product, usually in serum form (cream forms are also available). As with most serums, they should be used after cleansing but before moisturising. Retinol serums should be applied everyday, it can take up to 3 months before you start seeing visible results. You’ll notice that retinol is added to most night creams/serums as it should generally be applied in the PM.

You should limit sunlight exposure when using retinol, as it can reduce the effectiveness of the treatment. Unlike AHA/BHA’s however, it is generally safe to be in the sun while using Retinol.

Combining Treatments

While retinol can be used with other treatments including AHA/BHA’s, it’s generally best to avoid combining the two. Retinol itself isn’t really an exfoliating agent but since it boosts cell turnover, it can cause redness and peeling.

We do recommend combining retinol with hyaluronic acid, as this will combat the dryness associated with using retinol. If you’re not familiar with Hyaluronic Acid, be sure to read What is Hyaluronic Acid? And How It Can Benefit Your Skin.

Side Effects

Typical side effects of Retinol include; skin peeling, dryness, redness and general irritation. No need to be alarmed however, this is very common and is usually part of the process of your skin acclimating to the ingredient.

If you are concerned by these side effects, try starting with a lower concentration Retinol formulation, and increase it gradually as your skin gets used to the treatment.

Products We Recommend

The Ordinary Retinol 0.5% in Squalane - 30ml

Try The Ordinary – Retinol 0.5% in Squalane. A fantastic water-free Retinol formulation at an affordable price point. A lower and higher strength formulation is also available.

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La Roche-Posay Retinol 0.3%+ Vitamin B3 Serum

Try La Roche-Posay Retinol 0.3% + Vitamin B3 Serum. This is a gentle formulation, better for those with sensitive skin. The addition of Vitamin B3 ensures your skin remains hydrated and soft.

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Sunday Riley | A+ High-Dose Retinoid Serum | Cult Beauty

Try Sunday Riley A+ High-Dose Retinoid Serum. This is a high-strength formula with a 6.5% concentration Retinol blend. Also includes Hawaiian white honey, a humectant which ensures your skin is hydrated.

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Clinical 1% Retinol Treatment - Paula's Choice

Try Paula’s Choice – Clinical 1% Retinol Treatment. This treatment includes Vitamin C and will be effective in improving skin tone and texture while softening fine lines and wrinkles.

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